The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (begun February 1519) was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan (was a pre-Colombian city and state in central Mexico) warriors led by Hernán Cortés (was a Spanish Conquistador who led an … The Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire was catastrophic to the Inca people and culture. It was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish. The ruler of the Aztecs, Motecuhzoma II, made the Spanish welcome and things were friendly between the Spanish and the Aztecs initially. However, their arrival brought devastating impacts on the indigenous population such as disease, slavery and destruction of culture. An important event in world history was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by Spanish conquistadors in 1521. The conquest of the Spanish had many effects on the people of Mexico. In 1st Jan, 1519, Hernan Cortes tried to conquer the Aztec empire with 500 men. This study is about the effect of the Colonization on the Aztecs, focusing on the early colonial period, which lasted from 1521 to about 1550. One of the major effects was the introduction to European diseases. The Spanish introduced the encomienda system. Those who survived were strongly influenced by Spanish language, religion, art and architecture. This event directly led to the end of the first phase of the Spanish Conquest … Spanish Conquest of the Inca & Aztec Empires in the Americas Eun Young Shin Background In order to find a faster and safer route to Asia, Columbus set sail to the west and unintentionally came across the "New World" in 1492. They had little contact with people outside of their area, so they possibly weren't even aware of the dise… In 1st Jan, 1600, two diseases, smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico. Conquistadors destroyed the empires, and then Europeans built new settlements What was one of the impacts of Spanish colonization on Native Americans? There were major outbreaks of smallpox and it has been estimated that the indigenous populations in the Spanish colonies dropped by around 75% between 1518 and the 1560s. One Minute History - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQNIJBgSm5lg0mGTGn19EIQ When the Aztec civilization was taken over by the Spanish, many things changed. Guns, germs, and horses brought Cortés victory over the mighty Aztec empire The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. Many of the factors could be considered luck and it can be mind boggling how the Spanish took on the largest empire of the day with only a handful of soldiers and weapons. The Spanish Conquest Cortes is considered as the “first conqueror” as his colonisation of Mexico vastly expanded Spain’s territory and greatly spread Christianity. LONG-TERM EFFECTS The effect of the spreading diseases could still be felt years after the Spanish Conquest. Impact Of The Spanish Conquest On The Aztecs conquering the Aztec civilisation, the Spanish were able to expand their empire, spread Christianity further and secure unimaginable riches. Little did the residents of the massive Inca empire know that they would soon be learning Spanish in Peru. The Spanish used Aztec slaves to transport goods from one colony to another colony. The outbreaks of smallpox in the 1520's, measles in 1531, influenza in 1545 and 1576, as well as whooping coughs and mumps had a dramatic effect on the Indigenous people. The pyramids of Tenochtitlán were destroyed, and on the base of the greater temple (where tod… This decline was largely due to illness and disease such as smallpox, which is thought to have been introduced by colonists and conquistadors. Tens of thousands of Native Americans died from disease, war, and forced labor How did Portugal and other European nations challenge Spanish power? Many different factors ultimately led to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. As part of the conquest the Spanish conquistadors, who were led by Hernan Cortés, took the Aztec leader Moctezuma II captive. A New World empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold. - Spanish won battles as they were prepared and stronger than other indian tribes. The Conquest of the Inca Empire. the Aztecs culture was destroyed when the spanish arrived most languages where lost the land and ownership was destroyed and had been changed. Under this system, the Spanish created mines to mine for gold to export to other countries. This system meant that Spanish people had ownership of the land that belonged to the Aztec people. In 1st Jan, 1714, the Spanish king ordered the people of the colony to learn Spanish. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire is not only one of the most significant events in the early exploration and conquest of the Americas, but also one of the most significant events in world history. Within two years, the Spanish invaders had taken down the most powerful city-state in Mesoamerica, and the implications were not lost on the remaining city-states in the region. - Their language is spoken around Mexico - Catholic is a strong religion Short Term Consequences of the Spanish Conquest "This great city contains mosques, or houses for idols, very beautiful Two years later the conquistadors began their conquest of Mexico, and by August 1521 Tenochtitlan had been destroyed. Conquest of the Aztec empire Newsweek subscription offers > Before the arrival of the conquerors, when one people conquered another imposed their gods on the vanquished, but did not exclude the original gods. Some of the changes include, war and violence, religion, disease and population decline, the destruction of culture and cities, Spanish rule and land owner ship; and a few positive effects. Aftermath of the Conquest of the Aztec Empire . There was sporadic fighting for decades to come, but in effect, the conquest was a done deal. Interesting Facts about the Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs Cortés became worried that some of his crew would steal his ships and desert him so he sunk his fleet before marching to Tenochtitlan. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. The conquest of much of the New World by Spanish conquistadors during those few years was surely one of history's turning points. Immediate Impact Smallpox played a big role in who won the battle, this disease devastated the Aztec society and hurt the Aztec leadership severely, but the Spanish leader was immune and came out perfectly fine. Lasting effects of Spanish conquest in Latin America included the decimation of native populations and suppression of their languages, histories and cultures. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as … The diseases brought from Europe were unfamiliar to them, as they weren't exposed to this disease in the Americas. the introduction of new diseases, horses and gunpowder. Five hundred years ago, in February of 1519, the Spaniard Hernán Cortés set sail from Cuba to explore and colonize Aztec civilization in the Mexican interior. This website will be used to cover History Stage 4 syllabus outcome - The impact of the Spanish conquests on the Aztecs. Motives were plain: said one soldier, “we came here to serve God and the king, and also to get rich.” Their adoption of the rapidly-spreading Spanish language would be symptomatic of the loss of their culture and land (one of the richest in America) at the hands of the Spanish invaders. The Aztecs were killed in a short period of time since the arrival of the Spaniards. In general, the conquest displayed the impact of European exploration on the New World and the outcomes of the Age of Exploration. The Inca population suffered a dramatic and quick decline following contact with the Europeans. One of the greatest lasting effects of Spanish incursion into Latin America was the devastating loss of indigenous populations. His conquest of the Aztec Empire during 1519-1521 was the base for later conquests of other regions which would not have been possible if … Through a system of conquest and tribute, the Aztecs had established the great island city of Tenochtitlan in Lake Texcoco that ruled over an area of about 80,000 square miles. As news of the Spanish conquest spread, wealth-hungry Spaniards poured into the New World seeking land and gold and titles. Spanish weaponry and tactics played a role, but most of the destruction was wrought by epidemics of European diseases. 1.4. Soon after, Moctezuma II was dead and the Aztec people retaliated against the Spanish forcing them to flee the Aztec capital. With cultural hegemony, the Spanish had a template on how to conquest and colonize. The Spanish sought out to colonization Mexico, which would put the Aztec culture in the rearview. The Spanish colony of New Spain was established and the Aztec Empire had ended. In 1st Apr, 1519, Hernan Cortes started conquering. The Spaniards did not act in the same way; they destroyed the temples of the natives because they considered that they were inhabited by"demons", and they told the natives that their god was the only one and that worshiping their traditional gods was a heresy. 4.1.1. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. Several Spanish expeditions followed in 1517 and 1519, making landfall on various parts of the Yucatán coast. what defeated the aztecs. 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